Ontological Reductionism is a belief that the whole of reality consists of a minimal number of parts.
Reductionism strongly reflects a certain perspective on causality. In the reductionist framework, the phenomenon that can be explained completely in terms of relations between more fundamental phenomena are called epiphenomena.
There is an implication (to imply) that the epiphenomenon exerts no causal agency on the fundamental phenomena that explains it. The epiphenomenon is sometimes said to be "nothing but" the outcome of the workings of the fundamental phenomena.
Meta-physics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaning the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it. Meta-physics attempts to ask two basic questions ( in the broadest terms) : what is ultimately there? and what is it like?
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